Biographies contain stories of people's lives or they contain facts about specific people.
A directory is a book containing lists of information, usually in alphabetical order and for a particular area (e.g. telephone numbers, names and / or addresses).
An almanac or a yearbook is a book that is published annually and gives information on a specific subject or activity for that particular year.
A Factbook is a quick reference book of facts relating to a company, country, product, institution etc.