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APA Referencing Guide

Based on the NWU Referencing Guide.

Audiovisual and other media

Indicate the type or medium in square brackets after the title.


Haydn, J. (2001). Piano concertos [CD]. Producer: Georges Kadar, performed by Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra. Sony Classical.

Text reference:
(Haydn, 2001).

Wolf, H. (2010). Vier mignon Lieder aus Gedichte von J. W. von Goethe. In E. Grieg, H. Wolf, S. Rachmaninoff, J. Wilding, & P. De Villiers. Songs. [CD] Performed by Mark Nixon, Erica Eloff, King’s Piano Trio. Bel Canto Records.

Text reference:
(Wolf, 2010).


Wise, R. (2002). The sound of music [DVD]. Produced by Argyle Enterprises. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment.

Text reference:
(Wise, 2010).